Economic Insights

See Auto Industry Impacts at the National, State, and Congressional District levels.

Every State is an Auto State

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State Facts

Autos Drive Michigan Forward

Industry Impact

203.8 Thousand total auto jobs in Michigan
3.57% depend on the auto industry for jobs
Total Labor Income Annually
Total Car Sales in 2018
Total New Cars Sold in 2018
Multi-industry contribution analysis of the economic impact of automotive manufacturing, selling, repairing, renting, and additional maintenance modeled using IMPLAN economic analysis data software, 2018 data year; compiled by Auto Alliance with data provided by IHS Markit, sales figures represent new vehicle registrations between January 1, 2018 - December 31, 2018.

Tax Revenue

total state tax revenue
% of state tax revenue
new vehicle sales taxes
used vehicle sales taxes
sales tax on auto parts and services
vehicle use taxes (including gas taxes), licenses and fees
corporate profits tax
state income taxes



By Body Style

  • Cars 3,311,179 (38.02%)
  • CUVs 2,036,014 (23.38%)
  • SUVs 1,050,099 (12.06%)
  • Pickups 1,671,259 (19.19%)
  • Vans/Minivans 641,563 (7.37%)

By Powertrain

  • Gas 8,317,688 (95.49%)
  • Diesel 293,156 (3.37%)
  • Hybrid 82,407 (0.95%)
  • Electric 4,221 (0.05%)
  • Plug-In Hybrid 12,642 (0.15%)
The Michigan average age of vehicles is 10.71 years.

Figures compiled by Alliance for Automotive Innovation with data provided by IHS Markit as of December 31, 2018.

New Purchases

Vehicles Sold

By Body Style

  • Cars 99,537 (16.41%)
  • CUVs 285,580 (47.09%)
  • SUVs 63,836 (10.53%)
  • Pickups 132,473 (21.84%)
  • Vans/Minivans 25,078 (4.13%)

By Powertrain

  • Gas 586,623 (96.72%)
  • Diesel 9,533 (1.57%)
  • Hybrid 6,777 (1.12%)
  • Electric 1,623 (0.27%)
  • Plug-In Hybrid 1,948 (0.32%)

Auto-related Activity at Ports

Economic Activity From Past Decade

  • 219.2B 219.2 Billion Total Imports
  • 406.1B 406.1 Billion Total Imports

Economic Activity from 2018

  • 25B 25 Billion Total Imports
  • 42.4B 42.4 Billion Total Imports

Compiled by the Alliance for Automotive Innovation with data provided by USA Trade Online, figures represent port activity over the past decade and between January 1, 2018 - December 31, 2018.


  • Gasoline Stations 5821
  • Electric Charging Stations 400
  • Biodiesel Stations 2
  • Compressed Natural Gas Stations 11
  • Hydrogen Stations 1
  • Liquefied Petroleum Gas Stations 91

Compiled by Alliance for Automotive Innovation with data provided by U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fuels Data Center, figures represent fueling stations as of April 9, 2019.

Average MSRP Per New Car
Median Household Income
Median Monthly Household Income
Median Monthly New Car Payment
Car Payment As Percent Of Monthly Income

Commuting to Work

  • Drive Alone to Work (82%)
  • Carpool to Work (8%)
  • Take Public Transportation (1%)
  • Other (7%)

Figures compiled by Alliance for Automotive Innovation with data provided by IHS Markit, U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey 2017 and Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Median Monthly New Car Payment computed for a 60-month loan based on MSRP with 20% down and an APR of 5.36%.

Automaker's Facilities

Ford Motor Company Location Employees
Detroit High Velocity Center Brownstown Twp MI 89
Michigan Proving Grounds Bruce Twp MI 137
Dearborn Area Campus Dearborn MI 20964
Dearborn Diversified Manufacturing Plant Dearborn MI 800
Dearborn Engine Plant Dearborn MI 400
Dearborn Stamping Plant Dearborn MI 1800
Dearborn Truck Plant Dearborn MI 4300
Flat Rock Assembly Plant Flat Rock MI 3300
Livonia Transmission Plant Livonia MI 1900
National Parts Distribution Center Livonia MI 114
Brownstown Parts Redist Center Romulus MI 491
Sterling Axle Plant Sterling Heights MI 2200
Van Dyke Transmission Plant Sterling Heights MI 1400
Michigan Assembly Plant Wayne MI 3400
Woodhaven Stamping Plant Woodhaven MI 400
Rawsonville Plant Ypsilanti MI 700
General Motors Location Employees
Bay City Powertrain - Global Propulsion Systems Bay City MI 498
Customer Care & Aftersales -- Redistro Center -- Willow Run Belleville MI 203
Brownstown Battery Plant Brownstown Township MI 67
Customer Care & Aftersales -- Processing Center -- Davison Road Burton MI
Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly Detroit MI 858
Detroit Renaissance Ctr Global HQ Detroit MI 5813
Flint Assembly, Stamping and Global Propulsion Systems Flint MI 5241
Durant-Dort Factory One Complex Flint MI
Flint Tool & Die Flint MI 339
Customer Care & Aftersales -- Flint Engineering Lab Flint MI
Customer Care & Aftersales -- Processing Center -- Flint Flint MI
Customer Care & Aftersales HQ -- Grand Blanc Grand Blanc MI 1321
Orion Assembly Lake Orion MI 1125
Customer Care & Aftersales -- Redistro Center -- Lansing Lansing MI 281
Lansing Grand River Assembly Lansing MI 1611
Lansing Delta Township Assembly & Stamping Lansing MI 2711
Dealer Service & Warranty Operations Madison Heights MI
Milford Proving Ground Milford MI 5151
Pontiac Metal Center Pontiac MI 332
Global Propulsion Systems HQ -- Engineering Center -- Pontiac Pontiac MI
Customer Care & Aftersales -- Redistro Center -- Pontiac Pontiac MI 384
Romulus Powertrain - Global Propulsion Systems Romulus MI 1382
Saginaw Global Propulsion Systems Saginaw MI
Saginaw Metal Casting - Global Propulsion Systems Saginaw MI 476
GM Heritage Center Sterling Heights MI
Van Dyke Office Center Warren MI 812
Warren Company Vehicle Operations Warren MI
GM Global Technical Center Warren MI 22764
Global Propulsion Systems -- Wixom Wixom MI
Grand Rapids Operations -- Components Wyoming MI 1046
Customer Care & Aftersales -- Processing Center -- Ypsilanti Ypsilanti MI
Honda Location Employees
Ann Arbor Test Lab Ann Arbor MI
Detroit Research Office Ann Arbor MI
Pontiac Office Auburn Hills MI
Warren Office Warren MI
Mazda Location Employees
Mazda Wixom Center Wixom MI 11
Mercedes-Benz Location Employees
Mercedes-Benz Research & Development North America Ann Arbor MI 40
Mercedes-Benz Financial Services Farmington Hills MI 510
Mercedes-Benz Research & Development North America Redford MI 100
Nissan North America Location Employees
Nissan Technical Center North America Farmington Hills MI 1450
Stellantis Location Employees
FCA US Headquarters & Technology Center Auburn Hills MI 1335
Center Line Complex Center Line MI 145
Chelsea Proving Grounds Chelsea MI 273
Great Lakes (Detroit) Business Center Detroit MI 1
Jefferson North Assembly Plant Detroit MI 37
Mack Avenue Engine Complex Detroit MI 6759
Mt. Elliott Tool & Die Detroit MI 669
Dundee Engine Plant Dundee MI 4027
Marysville Parts Distribution Center Marysville MI 51
Romulus High Velocity Center Romulus MI 85
Sterling Heights Assembly Plant Sterling Heights MI 1796
Sterling Stamping Plant Sterling Heights MI 2002
Trenton Engine Complex Trenton MI 67
Warren Truck Assembly Plant Warern MI 72
Warren Complex Parts Distribution Center Warren MI
Warren Stamping Plant Warren MI 54
Subaru of America Location Employees
Subaru Research & Development, Inc. Ann Arbor MI 0
Subaru of America, Inc. Location Employees
Ann Arbor Ann Arbor MI 0
Volkswagen Group of America Location Employees
Volkswagen Credit Auburn Hills Auburn Hills MI 195
Volkswagen Group Auburn Hills Auburn Hills MI 1249