ZEV Mandate States
Special provisions in the Clean Air Act allow states to either follow the federal requirements or adopt California’s vehicle emission regulations. Currently, ten states are following California and implementing the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) regulations, including the requirements that about 7 to 10% of new vehicles must be electric vehicles in 2025. These states include Colorado, Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island and Vermont.
ZEV purchases will need to increase dramatically in order to meet targets supported by California and ten other states with the ZEV mandate.
In 2019, ZEV sales represented almost 2% of total sales nationwide, or about 322,000 vehicles out of 16.3 million new vehicles sold. By 2025, sales of ZEVs are required to be about 7 to 10% of total sales.
Fleets: States Should Buy More EVs
Governments at all levels buy vehicles for official purposes, and these government fleets represent a potential source of ZEV sales. Governments can lead by example by increasing the number of all types of electric vehicles in their fleets.
From 2013 to 2017, government entities in California registered almost 90,000 new vehicles. Only 3.2% (2,885) were plug-in hybrids, fully electric vehicles or fuel cell electric vehicles. In 2017, the vast majority of new vehicles (96%) purchased by government entities in California remained traditional gas-powered vehicles.