Alliance for Automotive Innovation today released its exclusive analysis of the U.S. electric vehicle (EV) market for Q4 and full year 2022. The Get Connected Electric Vehicle Report summarizes EV sales and purchasing trends and now includes new county-by-county data on public charging infrastructure across all 50 states.
Good news: EV sales momentum
- 91 EV cars, utility vehicles, pickup trucks and van models now available for sale in the U.S. (light truck sales represent 68 percent of EV market);
- EVs represent 7 percent of new light-duty vehicle sales in 2022, up from 4.3 percent in 2021 and 2.3 percent in 2020;
- Rising EV market share: 8.5 percent in Q4 (+2.5 percentage points year-over-year); 10 percent in December;
- More than 282,000 EVs sold in U.S. in Q4, an increase of 51 percent over same period in 2021;
- Top five list for EV sales through 2022: California (20.1 percent); District of Columbia (13.8 percent); Washington (12.9 percent); Oregon (11.5 percent); and Nevada (10.2 percent)
Warning signs: Public charging infrastructure not keeping up
Infrastructure analysis reveals deep geographic disparities in access to public, non-proprietary charging in the country.
Of the more than 3,100 counties and city-counties in the U.S.:
- 63 percent had five or fewer chargers installed; 39 percent had zero;
- The top 14 counties – or 0.4 percent of all counties – with the highest number of chargers accounted for 30 percent of all U.S. EV charging infrastructure.
2022 public charging data:
- Total of 103,582 publicly available non-proprietary charging outlets in U.S. for 3.04 million EVs on the road, a ratio of 29 EVs per charger;
- Installation of U.S. public chargers is not keeping up with current and projected EV sales. (Context: 934,958 EVs registered in 2022 and only 24,622 new chargers – a ratio of 38 vehicles for every new public port);
- The number of non-proprietary Level 2, DC Fast and total public EV chargers increased 31 percent, year-over-year (from 79,000 in 2021 to 103,000 in 2022).
Available U.S. Public Charging at the End of 2022
White and dark blue areas had five or fewer publicly available non-proprietary chargers added in 2022
- 53 percent of U.S. counties added NO new chargers in 2022;
- 75 percent of U.S. counties added 5 or fewer chargers in 2022;51 percent of all new charging was added in just 2 percent of U.S. counties;
- 25 percent of all new charging was added in California;
- 160 counties added only one new charger.